In an endoscopy, hollow organ systems (urethra, bladder, ureter and renal pelvis) can be viewed with small, partly flexible instruments. Here, a camera is connected to the optics, the images can be transmitted to a screen and, if desired, also viewed by the patient.
Urinary bladder endoscopy involves the insertion of an optical device (mirror instrument) through the urethra into the urinary bladder, so that the urethra and the urinary bladder can be assessed from the inside.
This endoscopic procedure is used to clarify unclear findings in the lower urinary tract (urethra, bladder, prostate).
First, a gel containing a local anaesthetic is applied to the mucous membrane of the urethra. After the anaesthetic has taken effect, an endoscope is advanced through the urethra to the bladder, which is then inspected. Through a working channel, grasping forceps can be advanced through the endoscope into the bladder to remove foreign bodies or to take samples of suspicious areas. After appropriate consultation, endoscopic examinations can also be carried out under short anaesthesia.